Orchitis is a male genital disorder that has arisen as a result of the complication of mumps or another condition. It is characterized by inflammation of one or both testes caused by a bacterial or viral infection. If not treated in time, it can lead to infertility and in severe cases, death.
What are the causes of the orchid?
Most cases of orchitis occur as a result of the man's infection with the mumps virus (paramixovirus). It is known that if a man develops mumps, there is a very high risk of developing this genital disease, which is why he is carefully monitored during the course of the disease. The disease may also occur as a result of other infections such as: prostatitis; epididymitis; sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, etc.). Other causes of orchitis may also be: recurrent urinary tract infections' local trauma; congenital anomalies of the urinary tract.
What are the symptoms of orchitis?
The most common symptoms include: swelling, sensitivity, redness and / or sensation of "weight" in the area of the scrotum or testicles; pain in the testicles (or in one) when tense or during intestinal transit fever; nausea or vomiting pain in urination, during intercourse, ejaculation and generally in the groin area; abnormal penis secretions; blood in sperm etc.
How is the diagnosis made?
If any of the symptoms listed above are suspected or you may experience frequent pain in the testicles, then a medical consultation is mandatory. The specialist doctor who deals with the diagnosis and treatment of orchitis is the urologist. He will carry out a series of investigations to detect and confirm the presence of the disease: testicular ultrasound; rectal cough; urethral secretion examination (to detect the type of infection - with bacteria or virus); blood tests for the detection of sexually transmitted diseases.
What are the complications that may occur?
If the condition is not detected in time or is not treated properly, serious complications can occur, even death. The most common complication is testicular atrophy. After this occurs, testicular sequelae are inevitable. The functions of the affected testis cease and the risk of male infertility appears.
How is the orchid treated?
The treatment of the disease depends on the cause that led to its appearance. If it is a bacterial infection then antibiotics are recommended. If the infection is viral it is treated with anti-inflammatories. Sexually transmitted diseases are treated individually depending on their type and with healing, passing and orchestration. Surgery is only used in advanced and severe cases of the disease. When the affected testicle undergoes purulent changes, surgery is performed to drain it. If there is degenerated testicular tissue, then it is removed.
There are some things the patient can do at home to relieve symptoms and prevent complications: local applications with ice, but not directly on the skin, but wrapped in a clean towel; (daily, for 15 minutes); reduces pain and inflammation; bed rest, cold water compresses to reduce fever; pain control by administration of analgesics, anti-inflammatories or, if severe, by local injections with analgesic; supporting the testicle (stand in a horizontal position, with a cushion between the legs positioned so as to support it); the use of a light, wide underwear that does not put pressure on the testicles; protection of the testicles with petroleum jelly; it is recommended to use a condom during treatment; sometimes it is possible for the doctor to recommend you even withdrawal during the treatment, depending on the severity of the disease.
If the orchid is diagnosed and treated in time it can completely heal without repercussions. The affected testicle will resume its normal functions in just a few weeks from the start of treatment.
Can you prevent the orchid?
The disease can be prevented if all the essential vaccines against childhood diseases are made in time. It can also be prevented if it stays as far away from mumps or other contagious diseases. Condom-protected sexual contacts protect against seizure-transmitted diseases, which are a possible trigger for the orchid. Regular checks for prostate examination, especially in men over 50, are essential in prophylaxis of this testicular condition.
Tags Testicular disorders Infections