Short

Restoration in infants and children

Restoration in infants and children

Skin and baby skin irritation and associated irritation are common in children. Whether it is from excessive sweating caused by the heat, from the diaper or from a too hot liquid, those small basalts, brogons or reddened portions of skin give the mothers headaches. Although many are not dangerous, it is inevitable not to think about it: when should I call the doctor? Is it worse than it seems?

Whether you have a very small baby with extremely sensitive skin, or your baby has grown up and is already running everywhere, both ages are at great risk. By exposure to a very high source of heat or contact with a liquid that is too hot, they may suffer from irritation or contact irritation.

Stopping with hot liquids

Accidents by which babies and children can recover can occur both inside and outside the house. Therefore, when you know that there are hot liquids around you, your attention should be double. The skin of your little one can be scraped with: hot water, coffee, tea, soup or in the tub at the time of drinking.

Water burns can be quite serious and can leave traces. In general, children love small water and do not resist the bath. But once you scared them with a jet of hot water, you may from that moment catch the fear and have serious problems with baby washing. To avoid scarring, you can take the following precautionary measures:

  • Always check the water temperature before placing the small one in the tub. Some hinges are equipped with thermal tape; when the water has the optimum temperature for the baby, the thermal strip turns green, and when it exceeds 38 degrees Celsius it changes to red.

  • Buy an anti-scratch device. Such a device can be put on the shower, on the sink or on the bathtub. Some anti-scratch devices lock the faucet so that children cannot move the handle to very hot. Other devices can be set to turn off the water when it gets too hot or to increase the flow of cold water to prevent overheating of the water.

  • Never leave the unattended child at the bath! Besides the danger of scarring, there are other dangers for the little one. The child can drown or slip into the bath or on the wet floor of the bathroom.

  • Never leave the child unattended, especially if you have already placed the dishes with (hot) food on the table. Many children face the table, managing to overturn the contents of the plates on them.

  • When cleaning the house, do not leave the child's litter or pails with boiling water within reach. The baby may be severely damaged.

  • Do not heat the microwave bottles because they can "fool you": the bottle may just look warm, while the liquid is hotter and you may risk scratching the inside of the baby's mouth.

  • Don't cook with the baby in your arms. You always risk scratching it with a splash of the pan or the food pan. It's very dangerous for him.

  • Do not leave the water pots or cooking pots on the stove at the edge, so that the child can easily reach them.

  • Never draw hot liquids from one side to another when the baby is around.

  • In the case of children, always stay close to him when he is in the kitchen or in the bathroom.

  • Teach your little one to use the water taps from the sink and tub - explain how they work and what their role is; the same for microwaves; teach him what the word "hot" means

The first measures in case of scalding with hot liquids

  • disinfects the area (from inside to outside); it is preferable to transport the child to the hospital for proper care;

  • use of a special spray for burns;

  • lubricating the place with a burn cream / ointment; for children yellow cream is very efficient; in more severe cases, to avoid infection, antibiotic creams are recommended;

  • quickly removes clothes from the child, to stop the burning process;

  • try to stop the intensity and deep penetration of the burn by dripping water from the tap, for 30 minutes, on the affected area;

  • it covers the cleared area with a clean, sterile bandage that does not stick;

  • do not use ice, lotions or oil on irritated areas;

  • if you notice that a large portion of the child's body (hands, feet, groin area, abdomen) has been scarred and if you notice open and suppurating wounds, take your child to a nearby emergency hospital or call 112 ambulance.

Diaper recovery

Often, on hot summer days or in homes where the heat is at its maximum and also humid, your baby may suffer from local skin irritation caused by diapers. These can appear either on the edge of the diapers, where they constantly rub their skin or at the anal or genital level, and are also popularly called scrapes. They are eczema that have a reddish appearance and appear on the groin and lower limbs.

In addition to these causes, these eczema and diapers from inadequate materials, inadequate local hygiene, as well as the lack of the use of specific products can help to prevent such accidents.

How to prevent the irritation caused by diapers?

  • keep the baby's ass always dry by changing his diapers;

  • when you put the diaper on it, do not tighten it very tightly, so that the skin can breathe;

  • change the diaper as often as possible to avoid keeping moisture in the groin area, especially on the canicle;

  • do proper hygiene of the area: clean the butt and genital area after each chair, give it with protective gauze (with zinc) and let it dry well before putting on the diaper.

How do you treat eczema caused by diapers?

  • if you keep the bottom and genital area dry and clean, respecting the local hygiene after each chair, the irritations should disappear within 4 days;

  • if they do not disappear, use an antiferration cream from the pharmacy; it is advisable to call the pediatrician first to recommend the best type of cream or ointment for your baby;

  • if you still do not pass the eczema and notice that they are doing basics or starting to clear pus, it is advisable to go to the pediatrician and recommend antibiotic treatment

Skin scars caused by heat

They are also called summer irritations and appear on the skin of babies and children in the form of small reddish or basil bronzes, which suggests that your baby has been exposed to too high a temperature. They are located where they are usually covered with clothes: on the tummy, in the groin area, on the chest, and if wearing a hat - on the head or on the forehead.

How to prevent irritation from heat?

  • -clothes the little one in steamy clothes, thin, colored and made of natural materials, especially if it is necessary to remove it outside when it is very hot and the humidity is high;

  • apply a cornstarch powder between the folds that the baby's skin naturally forms;

  • do not go out with the baby when it is very hot and keep it away from hot and humid areas and locations;

  • check from time to time if your little one is overheated by putting his hand on his skin - if you feel it is burning or wet, it means you have to move it to a cool place.

How do you deal with the irritation caused by the heat?

  • move the child to a cool room and remove all his clothes, to allow the skin to breathe a little;

  • wrap it in a cotton towel to absorb the surplus of perspiration;

  • apply on the irritated areas wet sterile dressings to clean the area; a warm bath with a little baking powder can help - about 2 teaspoons to 5 l of water;

  • after the bath, do not dry it using the towel, allow the skin to dry by itself and do not use creams and lotions on eczema so as not to worsen their condition further;

  • cover your baby's hands with socks, to prevent him from scratching in the irritated areas;

  • call a pediatrician if you notice that the irritations have not disappeared to give you the proper treatment.

authors

Daniela Ganciu

Ligia Jidiuc

Tags Child safety guide Children's skin irritation