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Useful tips for proper nutrition of the child up to the age of 2 years

Useful tips for proper nutrition of the child up to the age of 2 years

Exclusive breast feeding up to the age of 6 months, diversification started after this age, but also continued breastfeeding and after the introduction of solid foods into the daily diet are just some of the recommendations made by the specialists of the Institute of Public Health. The correct feeding of the newborn and then of the baby in all its stages is particularly important. Most of the time the care is almost exclusively to the mother. It is not an easy mission, which is why many women need advice from pediatricians for normal baby development.

What should the newborn eat? Is it just saturated with milk? He is thirsty and I have to give him water? When is the best time to start diversification? How old am I breastfeeding? These are the most common questions, the dilemmas that all mothers face, even those that are in the second or third child.

But let's take them one by one, trying to respond based on the recommendations of the specialists.

Food in the first 6 months: exclusively milk

In the first months after birth, breastfeeding should be the main source of nutrition for the baby. Clinical studies have shown that this mode of feeding reduces the risk of infant mortality by 13%. Basically, during this period the baby receives milk exclusively from the mother's breast. If natural breast-feeding is not possible for various reasons, the recommendation is to opt for formula milk. The pediatrician who follows the development of the child is the one who can make the best recommendation in this regard.

The benefits of breastfeeding are huge. On the one hand, it reduces the risk of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections, decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and largely eliminates the risk of asthma and celiac disease.

It has been found that breast-fed infants have a lower risk of developing childhood obesity compared to formula-fed infants. The primary recommendation of specialists is to exclusively breastfeed in the first six months of life. This means that the baby receives nothing else, neither liquid nor solids, except drops or syrups prescribed by the doctor. In addition, avoid listening to the recommendations made by other mothers who argue that the baby should have fixed meal hours. The specialists unanimously agree that the baby should be breastfed on request, without restricting the frequency and duration of sucking.

Diversification starts after 6 months

Another essential advice that nutritionists give is when to start diversifying food. Thus, the complementary feeding begins after reaching the age of 6 months. Breast milk or formula milk becomes insufficient for the energy and nutrient needs of the child. Therefore, it is necessary to provide a caloric and nutritious contribution for the baby.

At 6 months, the baby is large enough for his body to withstand the impact of other foods other than milk. It even becomes imperative that the baby's food should no longer be formed only from milk for proper growth. It is particularly important that, in parallel with diversification, breast-feeding or formula-based breastfeeding should continue until the age of 2 years.

How to introduce new foods

The complementary feeding begins at 6 months with small quantities of food, the portions gradually increasing as the child gets older, while maintaining the breastfeeding demand.

The diversification starts with one serving of solid preparation per day, which in the beginning means practically one teaspoon of food. Give it a small portion when it is quiet, not when it is sleepy and devoid of good mood.

Foods with which to begin diversification should be as natural as possible and should not contain added sugar or salt. In the beginning, foods (mashes) should be rather fluid.

It is important that the baby receives food daily from at least 4 food groups from the following 7:

cereals, roots, tubers;
• pasty, nuts;
• Dairy products;
• meat, fish, poultry liver / other organs;
• eggs;
• yellow and orange vegetables and fruits;
• other fruits and vegetables.

*** With frequency and quantity appropriate to age.

Even if the child has a tendency to spit food on the tongue you should not give up. It's a reflex of babies, normally at this age. Introduce new foods one at a time each day, so that the baby has time to get used to each taste. It is also a practical way to tell if you have an allergy to a particular type of product. And do not forget! No matter how much you enjoy eating solid food, do not give up breastfeeding. Milk delivers the necessary amount of iron, vitamins and proteins in an easily digestible form. The child should also receive a daily dose of breast milk for at least one year.

According to the Prevention Guide, published by the Institute for Public Health, the most recent recommendations of nutrition and pediatric specialists are aimed at breastfeeding in parallel until the age of 2 and above, weaning being exclusively the decision of the mother and / or the child.

Tags Baby nutrition Diversification of baby nutrition Baby nutrition