We all know the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays on our skin, but we often forget that the eyes are affected as well. Specialists point out that it is absolutely necessary to protect ourselves against ophthalmological conditions caused by the sun, and children, in particular, need a "shield" to keep them away from eye problems.
Many parents consider that children's sunglasses are more of an accessory that looks and is not related to health. However, doctors point out that it is extremely important for young children to have eyes protected from strong light and UV rays and to wear sunglasses for children.
Why are UV rays dangerous to the eyes?
Children are much more sensitive than adults, so they must be protected with higher quality products. Also, you must take protective measures against the harmful effects of the sun's rays from an early age so that later your little one will not face vision problems.
Ophthalmologists have linked exposure to ultraviolet rays from conditions such as macular degeneration or cataracts. Macular degeneration is caused by retinal damage that may no longer be able to capture images properly. Macular degeneration can lead to partial or total blindness. In fact, a study by specialists in the United States of America concluded that those who spent 4-5 hours a day in the sun during adolescence are at a 50% higher risk of being affected by macular degeneration.
Cataracts, in turn, represent damage to the lens and lead to blindness. Although associated with older age, cataracts are not only caused by the aging of the lens, but a common cause is exposure to ultraviolet rays.
At the same time, exposure to UV radiation can also lead to the appearance of the pinguecule and pterygium, both of which are excessive on the surface of the eye, which, besides being unsightly, causes vision problems. The sun is also responsible for the occurrence of photokeratitis and photoconjunctivitis, which causes pain, blurred vision, decreased visual acuity and can last for several months.
The criteria we guide when choosing sunglasses for children
As the well-known saying goes, it is better to prevent than to treat, and in order to keep eye diseases away from your little one, ophthalmologists recommend wearing sunglasses whenever you leave the house both on hot summer days and in winter when the sun's rays are reflected in the snow and outside there is an increased degree of brightness.
First of all, for both children's and adult glasses, you should look for the European Commission (EC) marking and the information note (which contains general product data, related to the source and distributor of the glasses, the category of filter, the mode of eyewear and maintenance) which attests that the product complies with the regulations imposed at European level related to the provisions that guarantee the required level of protection. If you do not identify these two items, ask the seller, and if he cannot identify them, he will not give up the purchase of those glasses.
Do not buy sunglasses from fairs, markets, or "all" stores. It is recommended to treat the sunglasses with the same attention that you pay to the eyeglasses. So, buy glasses for your little one only from specialized stores or pharmacies.
At the same time, it is possible to find sunglasses for children in clothing stores for children, but these glasses are usually plastic lenses and have no protection, usually only accessories or toys for children. Also, the opinion of an ophthalmologist is always welcome, so before you buy baby sunglasses it is good to ask for his opinion.
As for the quality of the lenses, they should lock 100% UVA and UVB radiation, and as a protective factor we should be somewhere at UV 400. In general, even on the lens, you should see a sign with the inscription 100% UV PROTECTION or UVA / UVB: UV 400.
Although very popular, glasses with degraded lenses are not recommended, so you better opt for some with the same color on the entire surface of the lens. Look through the lens and see if the colors are well distinguished. Good glasses should not distort the way colors are perceived.
Tags Ophthalmological disorders